Native Plants to Support Birds

Did you know Calgary provides a home or stopover for over 200 bird species?! We have an opportunity to make their home a little bit more friendly by adding plants that provide shelter, safety from predators or food. Below are a list of trees, shrubs and perennials native to Alberta that can help support birds!


Trees and Shrubs

Conifers

· Sub-Alpine Fir - Abies lasiocarpa

· White Spruce - Picea glauca

· Black Spruce - Picea mariana

· Lodgepole Pine - Pinus contorta

· Limber Pine - Pinus flexilis

· Ponderosa Pine - Pinus ponderosa

· Douglas Fir - Pseudotsuga menziesii

Deciduous

· River Alder - Alnus incana (tenuifolia)

· River Birch - Betula occidentalis

· Paper Birch - Betula papyrifera

· Hawthorn - Crataegus chrysocarpa

· Tamarack (Larch) - Larix laricina

· Narrow Leaf Polar - Populus angustifolia

· Balsam Poplar - Populus balsamifera

· 'Paskapoo' Poplar – A cultivar of one of our native poplars, designed to fit into the urban landscape

· Trembling Aspen - Populus tremuloides

· Pincherry - Prunus pensylvanica

· Green Alder - Alnus viridis crispa

· Saskatoon (Western Serviceberry) - Amelanchier alnifolia

· Sagebrush - Artemisia cana

· Dwarf Birch - Betula glandulosa

· Red Twig Dogwood - Cornus sericea

· Silverberry (Wolf Willow) - Eleagnus commutata

· Common Juniper - Juniperus communis

· Creeping Juniper - Juniperus horizontalis

· Bracted Honeysuckle - Lonicera involucrata

· Oregon Grape - Mahonia repens

· Potentilla bush - Potentilla fruticosa

· Chokecherry - Prunus virginiana

· Golden Currant - Ribes aureum

· Gooseberry - Ribes oxycanthoides

· Northern Red Currant - Ribes triste

· Prickly Rose - Rosa aicularis

· Prairie Rose - Rosa arkansana

· Wild Rose - Rosa woodsii

· Dwarf Raspberry - Rubus arcticus

· Thimbleberry - Rubus parviflorus

· Trailing Raspberry - Rubus pubescens

· Wild Raspberry - Rubus idaeus

· Barrett Willow - Salix barrattiana

· Bebb Willow - Salix bebbiana

· Hoary Willow - Salix candida

· Powerface Willow - Salix commutata 'Powderface'

· Pussy Willow - Salix discolor

· Sandbar Willow - Salix exigua

· Tawny Willow - Salix lucida

· Yellow Pussy Willow - Salix lutea

· Black Bud Willow - Salix petiolaris

· Purple Elder - Sambucus melanocarpa

· Red Elder - Sambucus racemosa

· Silver Buffaloberry - Shepherdia argentea

· Russet Buffaloberry - Shepherdia canadensis

· Birch Leaved Spiraea (Meadowsweet) - Spiraea betuifolia

· Snowberry - Symphoricarpos albus

· Western Snowberry - Symphoricarpos occidentalis

· Bog Cranberry - Vaccinium vitis-idaea

· Low Bush Cranberry - Viburnum edule

Perennials

· Penstemon / Beardtongue – Penstemon sp.

· Yarrow – Achillea borealis

· Giant Hyssop – Agastache foeniculum

· Nodding Onion – Allium cernuum

· Wild Chives – Allium schoenoprasum

· Blue Columbine – Aquilegia brevistyla

· Red Columbine – Aquilegia Formosa

· Yellow Columbine – Aquilegia flavescens

· Kinnikinnick (Bearberry) – Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

· Heart-Leaved Arnica – Arnica cordifolia

· Low Milkweed – Asclepias ovalfolia

· Showy Milkweed – Asclepias specious

· Asters – Aster, Eurybia and Symphyotrichum sp.

· Balsamroot – Balsamorhiza sagittate

· Harebell – Campanula alaskana

· Paintbrush – Castilleja sp.

· Fireweed – Chamaenerion angustifolium

· River Beauty Fireweed – Chamaenerion latifolium

· Western White Clematis – Clematis ligusticifolia

· Bunchberry – Cornus canadensis

· Tall Larkspur – Delphinium glaucum

· Nuttall’s Larkspur – Delphinium nuttallianum

· Fleabanes – Erigeron sp.

· Joe Pye Weed – Eutrochium maculatum

· Wild Strawberries – Fragaria virginiana

· Brown Eyed Susans – Gaillardia aristate

· White Geranium – Geranium richardsonii

· Sticky Purple Geranium – Geranium viscosissimum

· Sunflowers – Helianthus sp.

· Alumroots – Heuchera sp.

· Mountain or River Hollyhock – Iliamna rivularis

· Meadow Blazing Star – Liatris ligulistylis

· Dotted Blazing Star – Liatris punctata

· Blue Flax – Linum lewisii

· Yellow Flax – Linum rigidum

· Twining Honeysuckle – Lonicera dioica

· Silvery Lupine – Lupinus argenteus

· Silky Lupine – Lupinus sericeus

· Wild Mint – Mentha arvensis

· Wild Bergamot – Monarda fistulosa

· Prairie Turnip – Pediomelum esculentum

· Cinquefoils – Potentilla sp.

· Prairie Coneflower – Ratibida columnifera

· Black Eyed Susan – Rudbeckia hirta

· Goldenrods – Solidago sp.

· Sitka Valerian – Valeriana sitchensis

Violets – Viola sp.






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